Our first PSW meeting of the year was an absolute corker!

Incoming President Vera Meyer, opened the evening with a warm welcome to fresh faces and returning members.

Enthralling Guest Speaker

Melissa Ballantyne – Installer, Educator Founder of Sydney Stingless Bees.

Sydney Stingless Bees focuses upon the species Tetregonula Carbonaria. Melissa passionately imparted a mass of up to the minute information on the highly social Australian Native Bee Tetregonula Carbonaria (TC)

The TC hive comprises of: one queen and thousands of workers who live together in a protected place, which, in nature, is usually in a hollow tree.

Man made hives are constructed as a set of two deep trays, when the open faces open are brought together, the 2 trays form a cube which is taped up and the bees go to work filling the inside gap with Propolis.

One or two small entrances are created in order for the bees to depart, enter, defend and ventilate the hive.

Habitat Range:

TC inhabit the northern parts of Australia, although on the east coast they reach to around Bega. TC Bees emerge to forage when the temp reaches 18c.

Importance of Tetregonula Carbonaria

Australian native bees not only pollinate Australian Natives trees and vegetation, they are also efficient pollinators of fruit and vegetables.

Large is not always good, these tiny bees can pollinate even tiny flowers which larger pollinators my not.

Tetregonula Carbonaria are notable pollinators of  macadamias.


Life Cycle:

  • TC Egg Incubation   50 Days
  • TC Worker Lifespan 100 Days
  • TC Queen Lifespan     2 Years  

Nest Structure

The internal entrance and surrounding structures of the nest are coated with a smooth thick layer of black, red or yellow cerumen which is a mixture of propolis and their own bees wax which is secreted from a gland on the underside of their abdomen.

The four hive corners, contain a matrix of large globular pots which are constructed by worker bees. These larder pots are each filled with either pollen or honey and is available food for the entire hive.

The Brood

Fascinatingly, each Tetregonula Carbonaria Brood section, creates its own pattern type; presenting as a set of hexagonal cells, which are joined in a single layer to form an escalating plate like spiral formation, which in turn, is built around a central supporting spindle like core of wax.

  • The outer edge of the brood formation is known as The Advancing Front.
  • The worker brood cells, are formed by worker bees.
  • Forager bees may return with pollen or nectar and may be transferred to each brood cell or larder pots.

Forager bees who return to the hive with nectar, pass nectar to worker bees, who then suck the honey into their own honey stomach while mixing the nectar with a saliva secretion containing enzymes; this is then deposited into brood cells, evaporated by worker bees by way of frantically fanning the nectar with their wings, until the moisture content is reduced to 18% at which point…

  • The queen lays a precious egg into each fully prepared cell; a worker bee closes the cell with wax.
  • Then complete larval and pupal development occurs in the closed cell.

A New Queen

Emergency Queen Cells are formed upon the Advancing Front by fusing two regular worker cells together. Royal Jelly is secreted into these cells by the worker bees from a gland near their mouth parts, the queen lays an egg and the cell is capped.

Thus, the New Queen is brought forth..

                                                           in a double room..

                                                                         by being fed the ultimate diet!

Why and How to Care for Native Bees

Basically, if you live in Northern Australia or along the eastern sea board above Bega, the TC hive is a fantastic LOW MAINTENANCE addition, suitable for every garden and surrounding 1 sq km vegetation

Installing these tiny black insect pollinators into one’s environment is as easy as purchasing & positioning the hive where they will receive winter sun and summer shade.

Splitting the Hive every 12 to 18 months depending upon the weight, approx 7kg is good.

You need to cover each split with another open tray to create the enclosed cube and tape the central join, which the bees will glue together with Propolis on the inside.

Watch & Act  Weather Extremes

  1. Heat Wave Conditions, extended heat above 45 deg c.
  2. Simply close the hive at night by capping the entrance and popping in a cool room with the entrance cap in place for a few days before reinstating the hive to a safe spot when the heat wave is over.
  3. Cold Wind or Rain I choose to cover my hive with a foil windscreen shade.
  4. Spider Webs -Remove any spider webs around the hive, especially across the entrance.
  5. Holidays pop a cover over entrance the night before departure, pop in the car and …

                                  Hold A ‘Release the Bees’ Ceremony upon arrival.

Most importantly……

Do set a reminder in your phone to cover the entrance the night before your planned departure and place in car over night. Watch/Read/ Subscribe to:- Mellissa Ballantyne at her www & on You Tube




Cheers Permies

Jo Williams

Mob: 0401262460